Saturday, June 23, 2012

PHP vs ASP.NET - PHP Rocks

Ever since Microsoft has come up with, there has been a widespread debate among programmers as to whether it is any better than the existing open source programming language of PHP.

If you were to make a search on the Internet on how loyalists of both PHP and are doing almost everything by biting each other's heads off, you will realize how hot this debate actually is. The major contention is that Microsoft products are generally considered to be superior to other products, but then there are programmers that have been using PHP since ages and never once has it let them down. While there is acclaim for being more robust and speedier, PHP fans maintain that PHP has much better support and a very easy to understand language.

As the debate between PHP and rages on, it is important to make a frank comparison between the two languages, so that other developers who are not so strong in their opinions are not caught in the argument between the two. Here are some of the important points that distinguish the two programming languages from each other:-

(For the uninitiated, PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor and stand for Active Server Pages. It helps to put things into better perspective!)

»PHP is a relatively simpler language to use than Initially, PHP was written in the C programming language to replace a set of scripts in Perl. That is the reason why coding in PHP remains simple even today. Many developers find themselves to be more at ease with the user-friendly nature of PHP when it comes to coding. However, critics also count this advantage of PHP as a disadvantage. Some of them maintain that the language of PHP has not been updated much, and hence it is still quite archaic and even, somewhat cumbersome for coding., which is a relatively new development, has a lot of options when it comes to languages. Here, you can use languages such as C#, J#, C++ and Hence, when it comes to sheer choice, has better to offer. But PHP is no less, since it can do its task quite well, even with its minimum language tools.

»PHP is has much better support for the database management system, MySQL. In fact, the very popular blogging platform, WordPress uses the formidable combination of PHP coding on MySQL for its content management system, which includes about hundreds of thousands of blog posts every single day. Another very popular and frequently updated service that uses the combination of PHP and MySQL is Wikipedia. can also support MySQL, but PHP is unanimously hailed, by the masses and classes alike, for its great support for this database management system.

»People who use both PHP and also maintain their opinion that PHP is better for embedded support with another database management system, viz. SQLite. SQLite is described as a relational database management system and since it is contained in a C programming library, PHP can provide better support to it.

»PHP has also a very good support for object oriented programming, on which whole scripting languages are being built nowadays. also provides very capable support to OOP.

»When it comes to support, PHP wins over The main reason for this is that PHP is open source. Hence, the support can come freely from all over the world. In most cases, PHP fixes are made instantly. Being open source also ensures that there are very few snags in PHP. While, could take a while to make fixes. That is because it is owned by Microsoft, and it is the development team of Microsoft that will need to respond to the support query. That could take more time than the worldwide open source support that PHP is able to get. Most PHP supports can be instantly found online by doing a simple search on the Internet. Some of the providers of support for PHP are Zend, NuSphere and ThinkPHP.

»PHP can use the command line to perform many everyday activities. Some of the things that the PHP command line is useful for is for manipulating across many files and for putting files into multiple directories at once. These are just some of the important features that PHP's command line is used for.

»PHP is an open source programming language, which means it is free for anyone to use. Programmers can develop PHP applications virtually at no cost, because PHP is free to use. is not free too, but its extensions are available for free on Windows platforms, upwards of 98. Hence, is available to Windows users when they buy it. That puts a bit of restriction in its use.

» is compiled into memory in binary code. So, when is used for coding, it is evident that it takes much longer time to process since the codes need to be retrieved from memory. However, PHP is not compiled into memory like is. It is interpreted at runtime. That is the reason why PHP coding leads to better speed and even efficiency. However, it must be said that both PHP and can run at supreme speeds and efficiency when they are coded expertly.

»Talking about hosting charges, both PHP and are quite cheap to host. If you do a good deal of shopping online, you will also be able to find hosting for as little as $4. While there are several pricier hosting services out there, their charges are higher for both PHP and Hence, it can be said that both PHP and are at par with each other on the hosting charges.

»Since PHP is older, there are many people who claim that it is much more secure than where coding is concerned. is much new, and the security options may not be fully in place yet. However, many programmers will pooh-pooh at this point, because they maintain that security in coding does not depend on the language that is used, but in the way that the coding is done by the coder. Even so, there is a lot of talk on the Internet about PHP coded sites being more difficult to hack into than those done with

Hence, there is a lot to debate on about the worthiness of PHP over or vice-versa. There is probably no end to it, and there never shall be. The problem mainly is that both of them are good in their own place, but people who have been staunchly using PHP for several years now – some of them for more than a decade – would certainly not like to go in for the new The price to be paid is quite high, i.e. learning a whole new syntax and getting used to it. That is more the reason why PHP is still so popular.

But, to's credit it must be said that it is much more dynamic, even if the mere use of different languages are concerned. While PHP is still stuck to its scripting language days, has broken new grounds by entering into new languages, and even developing some of its own. However, a new shadow is looming large on these language-programming tools – the coming of the WYSIWYG editors such as Dreamweaver, which are making coding a very simple task to do for even the lay computer user.

Existence of God

Challenging the idea that a Deistic God created the universe and set it in motion and then keeps aloof. In other words, according to him we believe in an absentee God who seems to be indifferent to what is happening in the world. But if He in fact does create individual souls 'off and on', then he should face the problem of evil that exists in the created universe in the form of sorrows and sufferings, injustice, exploitation, birth-based deformities. Why should there be any birth-based differences that make some more privileged than others?

Besides, aggressive atheists who deny the existence of God do so because believers have been committing horrible acts of omission and commission in the name of religious creeds and God. Despite this, it is said that the so-called all-powerful, all-good and all-knowing God remains silent. Therefore, God's silence is equated with God's non-existence by materialists and atheists.

However, the wonderful structure of the universe and of the things and beings in the universe does seem to suggest the existence of a Grand Design, which needs explanation. Can it be due to matter and motion? Though human reason is capable of understanding a lot, it points to the existence of Universal Consciousness or Cosmic Intelligence. This, say naysayers, is more faith than fact.

The theistic world view gives cosmic support to believers. After all, the question of all questions is whether the universe is friendly or inimical to life in general and human life in particular. Long before the 'Sun' in the solar system was seen as the friend of humans. So the believer bowed before the Sun and said, "Aum Mitrya Namah" - O Lord, i bow to you, our friend. Darwin's theory of biological evolution is a grand hypothesis to explain the origin of species on this planet. He never claimed that he could explain the 'arrival of life to evolve in favour of the fittest' in the world. How did the rudimentary amoebas evolve; out of nothing?

Biologists aver the principle 'life begets life'. Can they reduce biology to physics? Can they accept biology as a branch of physics? The usual answer to this is 'no'. Moreover, physics itself is becoming a science of the minute following the discovery that atoms can be split! The concept of God is not a stupid idea. It cannot be done away with so cursorily. It was the agnostic H Spencer who applied the concept of evolution to the evolution of the cosmos. Later, philosophers formulated different ideas of evolution, as did S Alexander in the idea of Emergent Evolution, H Bergson in the concept of Creative Evolution.

The tiny logic and intellect of man should not be elevated to the status of God or the Cosmic Intelligence; its role in human affairs ought not to be dismissed or under-estimated. Such a stand has its own limitations.

German philosopher Kant refuted the traditional rational argument in support of belief in God. Yet he formulated the Moral Argument. For belief in the existence of God and morality are special to human beings. Unless we accept the moral in the universe it is very difficult to make the universe morally intelligible. The discussion cannot be left in the hands of priests and pundits. Education in humanities will help believers liberate religion from the clutches of the priestly class. For aren't modern liberation theologians willing to learn from Karl Marx to solve the issue of hunger and injustice?

Consider the Sun. He is called Adithya, etc. Without him nothing can exist or happen! Think, don't be impatient to answer this question brusquely. Rains come, wind blows, sun rays and heat manifest and the whole world exists and is sustained. The sun is the inevitable enabler, the ground, the stage or the platform for all these. What made this Sun (with all his atoms, plasma, electrons energy etc.) do all this or capable of all this? You go one step backwards. What principle enabled this Sun manifest all this? Can you deny the existence of this enabler, more powerful and comprehensive and subtler than the Sun? Possibly, you may not! This most powerful, the most comprehensive, the subtlest ground is referred to as God(if you are not allergic to this traditional term). Having found a certain widespread inability to understand this reasoning and a certain failure to muster the ability to think about these essentially intangible matters, savants have called it ineffable, subtler than the subtlest, larger than the largest, the nearest yet the farthest etc. In brief, all knowledge(the light or ground for all the so called knower-known-knowledge forms of propositions), all existence including mental happenings like sorrow, happiness, love, hatred, jealosy etc. are due to that principle: the a priori principle to use a terminology from Immanuel Kant. And of course, to deny God, there should exist the denier, the core or essence of this denier principle, the more popular self itself is God according to Vedantins.

 Education in humanities will help believers liberate religion from the clutches of the priestly class. Actually God can be understandable withe help of science for todays generation. All the answers of the writer's questions are given in Adwait philosophy of school of thoughts of Hinduisem. Upnishad are really a very practical and scientific source for all dificult quries What we learn in physics and biology It is already well explained in Upnishad but to understand the correct meaning we have to prey for wisdom from our creator. In bhagwad Gita it is clearly mentioned that every person need different path (Yog) in order to achieve the answers of above questions(salvation) according to his nature like Bhakti yog is suitable for Imotional persons Gyanyog is suitable for scientific people and slowly slowly they come to the same conclusions. After gaining Gyaan ie true knowledge one can free from all feras and sorrows of the world because then he know that whoem he searching outside is present very near or nsay nearest to him only. All the superstitions become clean on that time.

Provided we accept the evolutionary theory completely it is quite possible to include physics as the source of biology but that requires to be understood as a separate subject for in depth study and management of the living system.. Taking the example of origin of life explained in the religious scriptures, all converge to the point of single couple like Adam and Eva, Manu and Satarupa, for further clasification, take example of family of the Chitragupta in hindu mythology when all are taken as descendant of the same couple and asked to live as belonging to a most common ancestors so all are alike and s'd be entitled to wellbeing level and taken as similarly competent to have opportunities in life. But a deviation from this outcome can lead to atheist view of life comfortably so the reasons cited to go for an atheist theory is most natural and a conscious mind can not be made simply to believe the theist philosophy so much lie on our understanding and approach. There are certain ideas and philosophy which professes to a degree the existence of occult sciences yet it is said those who believe in soul no proof is necessary and those who do not believe in soul no proof is enough. In our society when many of the high and mighty abide by the theist philosophy it may required not to deny it outright as a conscious body for a justice system may serve the system of the world provided we do accept the essential theories of all religion which states a work based cycle system to get evolved spiritually and help maintain the viability of the world system as well. As a naive in medical profession w;d depend on so many tests to conclude about the exact condition of a patient and a master of the field w'd get some idea at once subject to be put to furthers tests, so are the theories of the philosophy homeopathy for healing which aim to clear the cause than the disease itself which might reoccur otherwise, so are the people who depending on their inherent consciousness level can be able to judge themselves about certain mysteries and the prevailing injustice on the name of the God and that has led to few of religious ideas developed with time, in this way the universe can neither be taken as inimical or supportive to the life over earth and much depends on the human being to let life perpetuate in a sustainable manner and allow humanity reveal for ever.

Thursday, June 14, 2012

News - Recession in India 2012

The global economic growth is expected to slow down further in 2012 and 2013 pointing that world is on the brink of another recession, according to UN 'World-Economic Situation and Prospects 2012' report.

Even emerging powerhouses like India and China, which led the recovery last time, will get bogged down.

The problems stalking the global economy are multiple and interconnected. The most pressing challenges are the continued jobs crisis and the declining prospects for economic growth, especially in the developed countries. As unemployment remains high at nearly 10% and incomes stagnate, the recovery is stalling in the short run because of the lack of aggregate demand.

Accroding to the reports, GDP growth in China and India is expected to "remain robust, but to decelerate".

India's economy is expected to expand by between 7.7 per cent and 7.9 per cent in 2012-2013, down from 9.0 per cent in 2010. In China, growth slowed from 10.4 per cent in 2010 to 9.3 per cent in 2011 and is projected to slow further to below 9 per cent in 2012-2013.

Meanwhile, developing countries, which had rebounded strongly from the global recession of 2009, would be hit through trade and financial channels. The financial turmoil following the August 2011 political wrangling in the United States regarding the debt ceiling and the deepening of the euro zone debt crisis also caused a contagious sell-off in equity markets in several major developing countries, leading to sudden withdrawals of capital and pressure on their currencies.

"All of these weaknesses are present and reinforce each other, but a further worsening of one of them could set off a vicious circle leading to severe financial turmoil and a renewed global recession for 2012-2013," the report said.

Who does not want to see their strong capital appreciation when it comes to investing in stocks. But among this present crisis of market volatility (where Sensex has tumbled 11% since beginning of the year), high inflation rates, weakening rupee, slowing down of GDP and country plagued with corruption allegations; I think investors shall be rather pessimistically invest in shares. These are hard time for stock market and looking at capital appreciation shall be done with only a long distant perspective. Eurozone crisis is staring straight at us and not many of the experts has any short term answers.

Growth prospects of India in particular is looking very bleak (in short term). In last few months FII’s has fled the market like they have seen the ghost. Indian government has taken the step to attract foreign funds into the market by allowing foreign investors open demat and online trading accounts in India. Earlier only institutional foreign investors were allowed to invest in India through mutual fund route. But now with liberalization of the Indian stocks market it is likely that that foreign funds may flow in. But if this will happen in short term I am not sure as Indian Economy is showing very weak fundamentals. High inflation and slowing GDP is certainly not helping.

Among this mood of gloom prevailing in Indian market, there are hidden signs of optimism. Majority of quality stocks are trading at very attractive price levels. In short term (< 3 years) you cannot expect much of capital appreciation but in long term (> 3 years) reasonable capital appreciation is almost a certainty. Even some stocks are trading at such price levels that dividend yield can be achieved well over 5% per annum. Some companies like Tata Steel, ONGC, Tata Motors, TCS etc which has strong dividend payout history is trading at undervalued price levels. When I say undervalued price levels I means that at these price levels you can be sure to get reasonable capital appreciation in medium term holdings. These are some high dividend yielding stocks that are trading at such price levels that the in long term substantial dividend inflow (…read more on divided compounding) is possible to the tune of 7%-8% per annum. This is a moment when we can really tap some quality high dividend yielding stocks.

The present market scenario is confusing. I am not able to see the recovery path for Indian economy unless the world (Europe) business flourishes. Weakening Indian Rupee is creating a huge expense burden on manufacturing sector of India. High Inflation rates are effecting purchasing power of Indian consumers. Slowing GDP is not helping the Indian Growth story. So all in all the market scenario is not good for short term investing. But when it comes to long term, probably it is best investing time for investors. Not many of us are experts of stock analysis but the present global meltdown is giving us opportunity to bag some most valued stocks at amazing price levels. It is a fact that we Europe of not doing well, United States is still on recovery path and fundamentals of Indian market is not as strong, but the present crisis is giving is more opportunity of portfolio creation in long term than misfortune.

News that GDP growth has slowed considerably to 5.3 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2011-12, as compared with 9.2 per cent in the corresponding quarter of the previous year, could not have come at a worse time for the government. While quarterly GDP estimates tend to be revised substantially, the evidence that the GDP growth rate has been consistently declining over the four quarters of the last financial year and that the fourth quarter rate is the lowest in nine years makes it imperative for the government to respond.
However, other aspects of the emerging economic scenario make the choice of that response difficult. There are three disconcerting aspects of that scenario that are being widely referred to. The first is inflation, which had moderated and the government was hoping would just go away. However, the annual month-on-month rate of inflation as measured by the national Consumer Price Index had risen to 10.4 in April, from 9.4 per cent in March, 8.8 per cent in February and 7.7 per cent in January. Hence, the government may find it difficult to persuade the Reserve Bank of India to announce a substantial reduction in interest rates in order to spur growth. Even if the impact of a reduction of interest rates on growth is not likely to be dramatic, such a move would have served to signal decisive action.
The second is the evidence that lower export growth resulting from the global recession combined with a rising bill on account of both oil and non-oil imports is widening the trade and current account deficits with attendant adverse effects on GDP growth. The deficit in the net exports component of GDP has risen from around Rs 316,000 to Rs. 413,000, and contributes to dampening rather than facilitating growth.
Thirdly, international investors are being less enthusiastic about investing in India, partly because of challenges they are facing elsewhere in the world. That is adversely affecting the rupee that is already weakened by the rising current account deficit, leading to s sharp depreciation of the currency.
These features of the current scenario are hindering the government’s resort to the most obvious countercyclical response to recession -- an increase in spending as at the time of the 2008 recession. If everything else remains the same, an increase in spending would require accommodating a larger fiscal deficit than would have otherwise been the case. This, the fiscal conservatives argue, is unacceptable, because of the already high level of the fiscal deficit, placed at 5.8 per cent of GDP in 2011-12. Moreover, influenced by the misplaced view that a higher fiscal deficit necessarily results in higher inflation, they warn of the dangers of hiking the fiscal deficit in an already inflationary environment. The government, given its own predilections is inclined to agree. It is also concerned that foreign investors would disapprove of a higher deficit, turning investor reticence into investor flight.
So increased spending would be acceptable only if it does not setback the government’s commitment to significantly reduce the fiscal deficit to GDP ratio in the near future -- a task made difficult by the slowdown in GDP growth. In normal circumstances this would mean that the government would have to raise more resources through taxation to finance spending aimed at reviving the economy. But times have not been normal for some time now because of the campaign to freeze and reduce direct taxation. Taxes, argue the rich and the corporate sector, create disincentives to save and invest and must, therefore, be kept to the minimum. The government too seems convinced, possibly with reason, that more taxes on corporate incomes and stock market returns would adversely affect foreign investor sentiment. So talk of mobilising resources through higher taxation is avoided.
This, of course, leaves the problem at hand unresolved. How should the government respond to the downturn that threatens to take the economy into a recession? One answer avoids the question by holding that all would be well if the government is able to continue with reform and even achieve its deficit reduction targets. That argument, if meaningful at all, must be based on the presumptions that growth is slowing because private investment is down, and that investment is falling because the slackening of the pace of reform has discouraged private investors. This is indeed a strange argument because it suggests that while reforms in the past have spurred investment and growth, that reform, even when not reversed, cannot keep investment going. Only a process of never-ending reform can consistently drive investment.
Recognising the problem with such an argument, a completely different package is being put forward by a section of the business community to revive growth without hurting corporate interests. They advocate a step up in public expenditure, especially investment, to revive demand and growth, but hold that such an increase in expenditure should not b financed with borrowing or taxation, but by a reduction in subsidies. The “strength” of that argument lies in the fact (see Chart) that recent increases in the central fiscal deficit to GDP ratio have been accompanied and partly “explained” by increases in the ratio of major subsidies to GDP. So if subsidies can be substantially reduced, it is asserted, it should be possible to step up investment expenditure without increasing the fiscal deficit.
What is being ignored here is the impact of a reduction in subsidies. In 2011-12, subsidies on food and petroleum together accounted for 70 per cent of the outlay on major subsidies (on fertiliser, food, petroleum and interest). These are the subsidies that would have to be reduced if expenditure is to be significantly curtailed. However, neither of these subsidies are easily cut. Reducing food subsidies is near impossible given the government’s commitment to substantially increase the population’s access to subsidised food, with even the diluted Food Security Bill promising to cover 70 per cent of the population. Going back on that commitment when inflation is high and growth slowing would be amount to betrayal of a majority that has been left in malnutrition at the margins of subsistence.
Further, in recent times the increase in the subsidy bill has been more on account of petroleum than food, because of increases in international oil prices. The share of the petroleum subsidies in outlays on major subsidies rose from less then 6 per cent between 2004-05 and 2008-09 to as much as 34 per cent in 2011-12. So curtailing the subsidy bill would require a sharp increase in the prices of petroleum products in the manner done recently with petrol. Being universal intermediates, such an increase in the price of petroleum products would accelerate the current inflation in the prices of necessities. That would not just be politically suicidal but also detrimental to growth.
The implication is clear. The government would have to find ways of financing an increase in expenditure to counter the downturn, while addressing with separate policies any impact this may have on inflation or the balance of payments. But with strong interests working against the choice of such a policy package, there is a real danger that nothing would be actually done. That would take the economy into the recession that it had managed to stall since the onset of the global crisis in 2008.

Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Samsung Galaxy S3

The much awaited Samsung Galaxy S3 is here finally. It has got simple yet beautiful look unlike Galaxy SII that has rounded edges with glossy plastic body. Samsung Galaxy S3 has an expandable memory slot and comes with an interchangeable 2100mAH battery. It has 4.8-inch screen (Super Amoled HD) and display of 720X1280 pixels resolution that instantly stands out. The phone has 1.4Ghz Exynos Quad Core processor and runs on a 1GB RAM. This Android Smartphone is GPRS, EDGE and 3G enabled, which means that you stay connected always no matter wherever you are. The Samsung Galaxy S3 is Wifi enabled and supports the Wifi Hotspot feature that lets the phone connect to the mobile network and act as Wifi router.

Samsung Galaxy S3 comes with 8 megapixel primary camera and 1.9 megapixel secondary camera. One of the most talked about features of the Samsung Galaxy S3 is its Smart Stay Feature that scans your eye movement using its front camera and the moment your eye moves away from the phone the display automatically goes off. It’s quite intuitive and saves power.

Another interesting feature is its Proximity Sensor. If you have missed a call or a text message, the moment you lift the phone or touch it, the phone alerts you of a missing call or text message. And if you want to connect to a missed call, you don’t need to navigate or type in the number and hit the dial button. As long as the number is on your screen, all you have to do is lift the phone and hold it against your ear and it will connect to the number automatically.

Best Buy At: 38900

Specifications for Samsung Galaxy S3 (Marble White) : Price 38900

3g network
HSDPA 850 / 900 / 1900 / 2100
2g network
GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900
Screen size
4.8 INCH 
1280 X 720 PIXELS
Screen type
Phone size
Dimensions (lxbxh)
136.6 X 70.6 X 8.6 MM
Os and os version
CLASS 12 (4+1/3+2/2+3/1+4 SLOTS), 32 - 48 KBPS
Internal memory
Expandable memory
Card slot
Others features
  • Maps
    Gps support
    Battery type
    Video player
    Camera features
    Secondary camera
    YES, 1.9 MP, 720P@30FPS
    Primary camera
    Video recording
    YES, 1080P@30FPS
    General features
    Touch screen
    Ringtones & alert types
    Audio jack
    3.5MM JACK

    Monday, June 11, 2012

    Tips for Beautiful skin and Healthy Hair

    Tips for Beautiful Skin
    - It is advisable to visit a dermatologist at least once a year. There are a lot of nuances in skin colour, texture, smoothness, etc. that we can't see for ourselves. These can be detected by the dermatologist and mild creams/treatments can be recommended.

    - Always use a conditioner after you shampoo your hair. It protects your hair and is a better option than oil. Conditioners neutralise electrical charge in the hair shaft and help in detangling. Conditioners also improve shine and to some extent repair minor frays in the hair shaft. Conditioning agents like hydrolized protein or silicons are added to increase manageability and shine in the hair.

    Tips for Healthy Hair

    It's better to use natural products to stop hairfall than to go in for expensive parlour treatments, that may not help the problem.

    Try the following easy tips at home and see how effective they are in reducing hair loss!

    1. Hot oil treatments: Take any natural oil - olive, coconut, canola - and heat it up so that it is warm, but not too hot. Massage it gently into your scalp. Put on a shower cap and leave it on for an hour, then shampoo your hair.

    2. Natural juices: You can rub your scalp with either garlic juice, onion juice or ginger juice. Leave it on overnight and wash it thoroughly in the morning.

    3. Get a head massage: Massaging your scalp for a few minutes daily will help stimulate circulation. Good circulation in the scalp keeps hair follicles active. Circulation may be improved through massage by using a few drops of lavender or bay essential oil in an almond or sesame oil base.

    4. Antioxidants: Apply warm green tea (two bags brewed in one cup of water) on your scalp and leave this mixture on for an hour and then rinse. Green tea contains antioxidants which prevent hair loss and boost hair growth.

    5. Practice meditation: Believe it or not, most of the times, the root cause for hair loss is stress and tension. Meditation can help in reducing that and restore hormonal balance.

    Other tips for healthy hair and skin

    - Remember that the most important factors that decide the quality of your skin and hair are your genes and family history, your nerves and emotions, and your immune system.

    - Use an appropriate face wash meant for your skin type and wash twice a day.

    - Use cleansers at night to remove make up and dirt before using a face wash.

    - Use sunscreen everyday even if you are indoors - the sun's UVA rays come through windows too and contribute to aging, pigmenting and tanning. Ideally, sunscreen should be applied every three hours.

    - Sunscreen should have an SPF of 30 or more. SPF is the degree of protection against UVB rays, hence sunscreen must have UVA protection as well. The usual UVA protection ingredients are Avobenzone, Titanium dioxide, Zinc oxide, Mexoryl and Tinosorb.

    - Make up products like foundations, mineral powders and compacts do not have adequate sun protection.

    - Indian skin tends to tan and pigment easily and patchily. There is a very thin line between tanning and pigmentation. If your tan hasn't gone in 4-6 weeks, see a dermatologist.

    - It is advisable to use mild skin lightening creams as prevention. Look for botanical ingredients like Arbutin, Bearberry, Licorice, Mulberry, Ginseng, Gingko, Emblica, Turmeric - curcuma, Grapeseed and vitamins like C and A, and Niacinamide.

    - Aging can be intrinsic, i.e. genetic, and can be delayed by exercise and, to a lesser extent, through diet. Extrinsic factors include increased UV intensity, increased pollution as well as stress. All these factors tend to dry the skin and make it more prone to pigmentation and aging. Hence it is important to start caring for your skin in your teens.

    - Extrinsic factors produce Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), which are naughty oxygen molecules that damage the cells and make them age faster. Anti-oxidants neutralise these ROS.

    - At night, use a moisturiser with an age-protecting agent.

    - For younger skin, look for ingredients with antioxidants like vitamins C, E or a whole range of botanicals like green tea, grapeseed or pomegranate extract, curcumin, etc. You might also like to look out for the following: Genistein, ECGC, Resveratrol, Idebenone and Coenzyme Q10 or CoQ10.

    - Kitchen ingredients like fruits do not work.

    - For older skin, look for the following ingredients: peptides, vitamin A and derivatives like retinol and other retinoids, Alpha, beta and polyhydroxy acids.

    - Exfoliation should be done with extreme caution and only with modern bead exfoliators. Avoid granular scrubs as these tend to damage the skin microscopically, which can lead to slow, insidious and patchy darkening.

    News About IIT Common Entrance Test

    Rejecting criticism and virtually ruling out going back on the new proposal, the Union human resources development minister Kapil Sibal has said the government has no intent to impinge on the autonomy of the Indian Institutes of Technologies (IITs).
    Defending the decision to have related stories IIT-Kanpur rejects Sibal's one nation one test plan IIT-Kanpur forms admission panel, rest still mulling IIT-Kanpur seeks PM's intervention to settle issue one nationwide common entrance test, which is being opposed by IIT Kanpur among others, Sibal said this has been taken in accordance with the IIT Act passed by the Indian Parliament.
    Sibal said this is a unanimous decisions of the IIT Council.

    "There is no intent to impact on the IIT system autonomy. The exam that is being contemplated is to be set by the IIT itself," Sibal told reporters in Washington when asked to comment on the controversy back home.

    "We have no desire to anyway directly or indirectly. To protect the autonomy of IIT," Sibal said and argued that the decision of the IIT Council is in tune with the international practices.

    Sibal is leading a high-powered Indian delegation to co-chair the India-US education dialogue with the Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton.

    Sibal had on May 28 announced that from 2013, aspiring candidates for IITs and other central institutes like NITs and IIITs will have to sit under a new format of common entrance test, which will also take the plus-two board results into consideration.

    The minister had claimed that it was approved without dissent at a council consisting of the IITs, the IIITs and the NITs.

    Senate of the IIT-Kanpur has rejected the Centre's 'one-nation one-test' proposal and decided to conduct its own entrance exam from next year.

    Sibal said that on his return, he would study the decisions being taken by the IIT Kanpur.

    "This has nothing to do with the Government," he said noting that the decision has been taken in accordance with the IIT Act.

    This would have no impact on the quality of the education in IITs.

    The minister was responding to questions after delivering his speech 'Education: US-India Collaboration' at an event organised jointly by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a prestigious American think-tank based in Washington and Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).

    In his remarks, the minister said India, having a young and dynamic population, is facing enormous challenge in the higher education sector, and in order to provide college education to all the country in the coming years as many as 800 new universities and 40,000 to 50,000 new colleges.

    "It is not an easy task. It is a monumental task. But there are enormous opportunities there."

    "We need to look at solutions which are out of the box, which are Froogle innovations," Sibal said, adding that how to ensure that enough people go to college is one big challenge.

    The country, he said, needs another 800 universities, and between 40,000 to 50,000 colleges, a goal he said is tough to achieve.

    Sibal argued that the same quality of education can be provided with the communication revolution taking place.

    "I think, globally we have to thank the way we think," he said.

    "Time has come for educational institutions to think differently," he added.

    Responding to questions, Sibal said not much foreign investment is not coming in the country’s education sector.

    This is quite surprising.

    "I still can't fathom," he said.

    India would be setting about 100 community colleges in India from 2013 with the help of the United States.

    IIT Delhi and IIT Bombay are likely to emulate Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur which has decided to hold its own entrance test after rejecting HRD Minister Kapil Sibal's 'one nation, one test' proposal.

    A member of the IIT Delhi senate, who did not wish to be named, told IANS that IIT Delhi and IIT Bombay -- possibly other IITs also -- may soon follow IIT Kanpur's example.

    "There is a common sentiment, and most IITs are against the new pattern," the member said.

    "This was virtually forced on the senates by the IIT council," he said about the common entrance test.

    In a clear revolt against the human resource development ministry's move for a common engineering entrance test, IIT Kanpur Friday decided to hold its own entrance test from 2013.

    Upset with the ministry's decision to merge IIT Joint Entrance Exam (IIT-JEE) with the All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE), the 210-member senate of IIT Kanpur passed a resolution rejecting the new format.

    Even though there is no official reaction from the HRD ministry, a senior official said the senate could not overrule the IIT council.

    IIT Delhi Alumni Association (IITDAA), which has been spearheading the battle against the new format, is set to meet Saturday evening to decide on the future strategy.

    "What IIT Kanpur did is the right thing... the senates have been overruled in taking the decision," IITDAA president Somnath Bharti said.

    He questioned the government decision, saying it would adversely affect the quality of the IITs.

    "The senates need to be given more autonomy. The IITs have to compete with international engineering institutes like the MIT ( Massachusetts Institute of Technology). For the students who cannot afford going to international institutions, IITs are the only option," he said.

    "Instead of giving more facilities to the IITs so that they can compete internationally, the government is pulling them down," he said.

     IIT Kharagpur, IIT Guwahati, IIT Madras and IIT Roorkie have decided to stand by Kapil Sibal's move to hold common entrance exam for IITs, NITs, IIITs, according to Times Now. The director of IIT Kharagpur told Times Now that the institution does not have any objection with Sibal's move to hold common entrance exam for central engineering institutions.

    Earlier, after IIT Kanpur rejected the Centre's 'one-nation one-test' proposal and decided to conduct its own entrance exam from next year, IIT Delhi Alumni Association is pushing IIT Delhi to follow suit.

    A decision is expected to be taken next week when the senate of IIT Delhi meet here.

    "In all likelihood, IIT Delhi Senate seems to be geared up to follow IIT Kanpur Senate," IIT Delhi alumni president Somnath Bharti told PTI.

    At yesterday's meeting, the senate of IIT Kanpur had said the IIT council's recent proposal on admissions is "academically and methodically unsound".

    The senate, while deciding to go it alone, had also said the Centre's 'one-nation one-test' proposal was in "violation of the Institutes of Technology Act (1961) and IIT Kanpur Ordinances (Ordinance 3.2 (Admissions)".

    HRD minister Kapil Sibal on May 28 had announced that from 2013, aspiring candidates for IITs and other central institutes like NITs and IIITs will have to sit under a new format of common entrance test, which will also take plus two board results into consideration.

    Sibal had claimed it was approved without dissent at the IIT Council meeting and had the backing of the senates of four of the seven Indian Institutes of Technology.

    "The council consists of the IITs, the IIITs and the NITs. There was not a single dissent. It was unanimously adopted. Therefore, I went forward," the minister had said.

    Boy vs Girl = Tom vs Jerry

    Sometimes they both quarrel with each other so badly…
    but within few time they surrender to each other avoiding their ego

    They fight about a lot of things , but they love all of the same music.

    She’s immature , but he accepts her silliness.

    She is so innocent..but he is smart and tricky but much caring about his best friend..

    She is a little bit emotional always think by heart but he is well-balanced and think always by brain….

    Sometimes he is very much irritating but she loved to get irritate by him silently..:P

    She thought she win all the fight between them…he accept it secretly coz he loved to get lose from her willingly (So cute:P)

    She is shiny but he is reckless…:P

    They are totally opposite of nature

    They both say they hate each other, but secretly are happy when people tell them that they would make a good couple.

    They act like they’re nothing more than friends, but everyone knows otherwise.

    When people ask, they say they don’t like each other, but still hope that the other one is lying.

    She’s a writer , but he’s a Cricket player.

    she’s more beautiful than she’ll ever know, but he already does.

    They think they are best friend of each other and they are much happy with this relationship..No love can enter between them to ruin their friendship.

    Some Relationships Are like Tom And Jerry

    They Irritate Each Other

    They Tease Each Other

    But They Still Can’t Live Without Each Other

    they are completely different,

    Though they’re absolutely perfect for each other.

    Both of them know that they care for each other very much…
    But still they are not lovers…

    Dedicate to all tom and jerry

    Thumbs up for this sweetest relationship